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James Monroe Signed War of 1812 Naval Orders
Starting Bid - $400.00, Sold For - $822.50
One-page official government order signed by James Monroe (1758-1831), fifth President of the United States. This is a particularly fascinating document as it is a Naval Orders document dating from the very year of the War of 1812. This order, dated August 28, 1812, is signed by Monroe in his capacity as Secretary of State (he would be elected President in 1817) and is addressed specifically to "James Phillips, commander of the Private armed schooner Grecian of Baltimore." The decree reads in full: "The public and private armed vessels of the United States are not to interrupt any vessels belonging to citizens of the United States coming from British ports to the United States laden with British merchandize, in consequence of the alledged [sic] repeal of the British Orders in Council, but are on the contrary to give aid and assistance to the same; in order that such vessels and their cargoes may be dealt with on their arrival as may be decided by the competent authorities. By command of the President of the United States of America." Monroe's signature, penned in black ink, is quite bold, but displays minor bleeding and grades "8" overall. A handwritten notation on the reverse, dated "April 1814," makes note of James Phillips' death and the appointment of Thomas Knap as commander of the schooner Grecian . The order (7.25 x 9.75 inches) displays three horizontal fold and is otherwise in Near Mint condition. It has been beautifully matted and framed together with a color copy of the reverse inscription, a number of related illustrations (of both Monroe and period sailing vessels), and a descriptive plaque. Total dimensions: 36.5 x 28 inches. LOA from James Spence/JSA. Reserve $400. Estimate $800/$1,200. SOLD FOR $822.50
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